balance sheet


balance sheet
/'bæləns ʃi:t/ noun
a statement of the financial position of a company at a particular time, such as the end of the financial year or the end of a quarter, showing the company’s assets and liabilities
Our accountant has prepared the balance sheet for the first half-year.
The company balance sheet for the last financial year shows a worse position than for the previous year.
The company balance sheet for 1984 shows a substantial loss.
COMMENT: The balance sheet shows the state of a company’s finances at a certain date. The profit and loss account shows the movements which have taken place since the end of the previous accounting period. A balance sheet must balance, with the basic equation that assets (i.e. what the company owns, including money owed to the company) must equal liabilities (i.e. what the company owes to its creditors) plus capital (i.e. what it owes to its shareholders). A balance sheet can be drawn up either in the horizontal form, with (in the UK) liabilities and capital on the left-hand side of the page (in the USA, it is the reverse) or in the vertical form, with assets at the top of the page, followed by liabilities, and capital at the bottom. Most are usually drawn up in the vertical format, as opposed to the more old-fashioned horizontal style.

Dictionary of banking and finance. 2015.

Look at other dictionaries:

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